the Tea Pioneers of Germany

Wenzhuo Liu

Tea Plant was called Thea sinensis not Camellia sinensis ?!

In the first half of the 17th century, when the German people didn’t know what tea was, the German tea pioneers began to pay attention to the drink called natural medicine brought back by European maritime countries. Tea was constantly mentioned in the popular German books and works at that time.

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Tea = Longevity ?! Qing Emperor Qianlong and German Emperor Wilhelm I

Wenzhuo Liu

Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799), Aisin Gioro Hongli loved tea very much, he said, “I as a king can’t live without tea in a day” and left around 300 tea poems and many tea stories. He praised the tea in Changle County, Hubei Province (today’s Wufeng tea) as “real immortal tea”. Emperor Qianlong was also the longest lived emperor in Chinese history and died at 88 years old. There is also a long-lived king in German history, William I, born in 1797 in Berlin, the capital of Prussia, he and his wife like drinking tea very much, especially Wuhan Hankou tea in Hubei Province, he lived 91 years. The longevity of the two kings must have something to do with drinking tea.

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the Tea History from Hankou (Hankow, Wuhan) to Germany

Wenzhuo Liu

Since the 19th century, tea had rapidly replaced silk as the most important and bulk export commodity in China, in the case of Guangzhou (Canton), from 1817 to 1833, the annual average export of tea accounted for 51.1% of the total export value, accounting for 60.8% of the total export value of agricultural products in the same period. German firm Carlowitz & Co (Carlowitz), one of the most famous far east firms had been operating in Guangzhou in 1840’s, which located its headquarters in Hamburg. Another Hamburg firm Siemssen & Co. (Siemssen) opened in Guangzhou in 1846. After the first Opium War in 1842, with the opening of five newly opened treaty ports, Shanghai in the Yangtze River estuary was closest to the origin of tea, the main export goods. Tea from Fujian, Jiangxi and other regions was no longer transported to Guangzhou, but to the intermediate station of North-South sea transportation, Shanghai. Merchants from all countries flocked to Shanghai to increase the purchase of agricultural and sideline products such as tea. Siemsse settled in Shanghai in 1856, it is the first German-funded firm to open in Shanghai. As one of Germany’s largest foreign firms in China, C. Melchers GmbH & Co. (Melchers) from Bremen firstly set foot in China as early as the late Qing Dynasty and set its headquarters in Shanghai, Carlowitz and Siemssen entered Shanghai in 1877 and in 1846, and later Shanghai became the headquarters, all these provided conditions for Germany’s domestic supply of Chinese tea. The second Opium War took place in 1856-1860, China had opened 16 ports from coastal areas to the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Hankou is located at the core of tea producing areas in Central China and on the golden waterway.

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Daoist Tea Meditation

Patrick Liu www.deutsche-daoistische-vereinigung.de

Nei Gong is an exercise that is performed in silence. Nei means “inside” and gong means “work”. So Nei Gong is also called inner work. Whether standing, sitting or lying, we can cultivate our energy with the help of our Spirit. Exercises in standing include, for example, Zhan Zhuang exercises, in sitting you practice mainly with simply crossed legs, in half the lotus set (one leg is placed on the other), the full lotus set (the second leg is placed on the first), etc. Exercises in lying down include sleep meditation, where you can take different lying positions.

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Engraved Zisha – the Main Decoration Technique on Zisha Pottery

Engraving means carving words or pictures on wood or stone with a knife, as is the case with the engraved Zisha pottery, that is, carving words and pictures on the walls of Zisha pottery. Engraving is a very common decoration technique and the main form of the decoration of Zisha teapots, by leaving poems and songs, flowers, birds, insects and fish, and landscape and figures on teapots, the art of literature, calligraphy, painting and seal cutting has been added to the teapots.

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Seven Bowls of Tea 七碗茶 – Tang Dynasty Poem by Lu Tong

Wenzhuo Liu

“When drinking the first bowl of tea, I feel moist in my throat and lip; the second bowl dispels the loneliness and boredom in my heart; during the third bowl, I’m embarrassed at creativeness, and start to search for new knowledges; the fourth bowl is drunk out, my grievances along with my light sweat dissipate through pores; the fifth bowl refreshes myt mind; the sixth bowl can help to communicate with immortals; after the seventh bowl, I feel that I’m extraordinary and refined, a slight breeze crushed my arms. Where is the Penglai Mountain? With this wind, I, Yu Chuan Zi, want to fly to there.”

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TRICAAS – the only National comprehensive Tea Research Institution in China

Wenzhuo Liu

The Tea Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (TRICAAS) is the only national comprehensive tea research institution in China, located in the West Lake scenic spot of Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province. It is mainly engaged in the research and service work in the fields of tea basic and applied basic science, scientific and technological industry development, tea quality and safety testing, industrial economy, organic tea certification, professional skill training of tea industry, academic journal editing, etc., and at the same time, it extensively carries out domestic and foreign cooperation and exchanges, as well as high-level personnel training, etc..

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Peach Blossom Tea 桃花茶 – Song Dynasty Tea Poem by Su Shi

Wenzhuo Liu

It has rained several times, last night’s thunder ended the continuous spring rain and awakened thousands of tea trees. Tea trees compete with each other for growing most fresh and tender tea buds, the spring color in Jianxi could occupy the first place, what a vibrant landscape.

“已过几番雨,前夜一声雷。旗枪争战,建溪春色占先魁。” […]

Ancient Kiln – Qianshu Dragon Kiln

Qianshu Dragon Kiln 前墅龙窑, the ancient kiln was founded in Ming Dynasty and has been burning ever since. It is the only ancient dragon kiln in Yixing area that still burns ceramics by traditional methods, also called the last living dragon kiln in Yixing. The ancient dragon kiln is hidden in the village of Qianshu village, which is surrounded by ordinary people. The dragon kiln is built on the natural hillside and looks like a huge long winding dragon.

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Tea Notes 茶谱 (Partial) – Ming Dynasty Tea Book by Zhu Quan

Wenzhuo Liu

Tea could entertain me to write poetry and abruptly add lustre to floating clouds, mountains and rivers; Tea might subdue sandman and carry me away from the world; Tea may give me more interests to talk, words would touch varied spectacles, how strong tea effects!

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