TRICAAS – the only National comprehensive Tea Research Institution in China

Wenzhuo Liu

The Tea Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (TRICAAS) is the only national comprehensive tea research institution in China, located in the West Lake scenic spot of Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province. It is mainly engaged in the research and service work in the fields of tea basic and applied basic science, scientific and technological industry development, tea quality and safety testing, industrial economy, organic tea certification, professional skill training of tea industry, academic journal editing, etc., and at the same time, it extensively carries out domestic and foreign cooperation and exchanges, as well as high-level personnel training, etc..

Since 1990s, the TRICAAS Training Center has begun training courses and promotions of tea culture, tea science and technology knowledge, later on, it has offered vocational skills trainings for tea artists, tea assessors, tea gardener and tea processors, for example, advanced workshops including tea culture, tea cuisine, tea banquet design and management. More than 100 different training courses have been hold and tens of thousands of tea people from China and abroad have been trained there.

Tea scientist, Chen Liang has been working in TRICAAS since 1990, he is a full professor now, a doctoral supervisor and the chief scientist of the innovation team of tea germplasm resources of TRICAAS. He has been to Japan, the United States, the Netherlands and other countries to do senior visiting scholars or post doctoral research. Over the years, he has been mainly engaged in the research of tea germplasm resources, genetic breeding and molecular biology.

One new national tea variety was bred by him, he also obtaines 16 certificated tea plant variety rights and presided over the formulation of 8 international, national and industrial standards related to tea plant resource breeding, edited and published more than 50 papers included in SCI in international journals and 3 academic monographs <Global Tea Breeding: Achievements, Challenges and Perspectives>, <Specification and Data Standard for Tea Germplasm Resources Description> and <Tea Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement>…

His department, Tea Resources and Improvement Research Center is one of the important business departments of the institute, its research scope covers tea germplasm resources, genetic improvement, molecular biology, biotechnology, research and development of new seedling breeding technology and other fields.

China is the origin of tea plants, the species, quantity, diversity and uniqueness of germplasm resources rank first in the world. It is necessary to establish a permanent preservation base, so that the scattered resources can be preserved safely and conveniently for a long time. National Tea Germplasm Resources Garden in Hangzhou 国家种质杭州茶树圃 was set up in 1980s, it helps the protection, management and utilization of tea germplasm resources to promote the innovation of tea varieties and the development of efficient agricultural production.

Over 3000 accessions of tea germplasm from China and abroad were collected there, evaluated and utilized to provide basic services for tea breeding, production and scientific research, but the National Germplasm Garden in Hangzhou preserves all germplasm resources except those from Yunnan.

The Ministry of Agriculture The Tea Research Institute of Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Menghai County of Yunnan Province established a National Germplasm Menghai Tea Plant Sub Garden 国家种质勐海茶树分圃 in 1983 to conserve the large leaf tea resources in Yunnan Province. In 2012, with the approval of the Ministry of agriculture, National Germplasm Menghai Tea Plant Sub Garden was officially promoted to National Germplasm Big Leaf Tea Plant Resource Garden (Menghai) 国家种质大叶茶树资源圃 (勐海).

More than 2200 resources were collected and preserved, including wild type, related species, transitional type, cultivated type and other germplasm resources, it has become the living preservation center with the largest number of germplasm resources and the most complete species of big leaf tea plants in China.

Tea Economy and Information Research Center is an institution established in 2008, which is composed of journal editorial department, tea economy research group, tea network and information service department and library. This research center is a foreign service window of Tea Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the main task of the center is to publicize tea science and technology, promote scientific research achievements and tea culture, provide information services for tea research, science and technology, and tea industry development. Tea periodical <China Tea 中国茶叶> monthly is edited and published by the center, as well as <Journal of Tea Science 茶叶科学> and tea books etc., information construction and technical support of tea websites are provided, such as China Tea Net 中国茶叶网…

 

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